Indira Gandhi was the first woman prime minister of India. She was known for her strong leadership qualities, which were positive in many aspects but also brought the darkest hours to the country. Indira Gandhi is the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. As a prime minister she made some rapid progressions in the development of the country.Indira Gandhi centralized the banks, made Hindi and English as the official languages of the country and the rule of equal work and equal pay to both men and women came into existence. The 1971, the war with Pakistan, lead to the formation of a new country Bangladesh, Indira Gandhi as a prime minister made this bold decision.
Indira Gandhi was born on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She spent most of her childhood with mother, Kamala Nehru at Anand Bhavan, her family estate in Allahabad. She did not spend much time with Pandit Nehru, who was mostly away from home. She passed the matriculation exam in 1934.