A.P.J Abdul Kalam - The Missile Man of India

Full Name : Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Born : 15th- Oct - 1931
Birth Place : Rameswaram
Tamil Nadu
Country : India
Education : St. Joseph's College Tiruchirappalli ,
Madras Institute of Technology Chennai
Occupation : Scientist
Author
Professor
Industry : Education,
Politics

Former President of India, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was hailed as an Indian scientist who served the President’s term from 2002 to 2007. He studied aerospace engineering and physics and his last four decades were spent as an administrator of science.

missile man of india

He was also hailed as the ‘Missile Man of India’ because of his tremendous effort in missile development. He was bestowed with many prestigious honours among which Bharat Ratna is also included.

Early life

abdul kalam early life

A.P.J Abdul Kalam (15th October 1931- 27 July 2015) born in Rameswaram into a Tamil Muslim family in Tamil Nadu itself. He came from a humble background where his father, a boat owner and mother, a housewife brought him up. He used to distribute newspaper after the completion of his school so that he could support his father. What he had was a yearning to learn more. He was in Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and later he went to Saint Joseph’s College from where he became a physics graduate. In 1955 he went to Madras to pursue his studies further in Madras.

Famous Inspirational Quotes By Abdul Kalam

Career As a Scientist

kalam as scientist

For the Indian army, A.P.J Abdul Kalam designed a mini helicopter. Major breakthrough came when he was transferred to ISRO catering to the project of SLV-III. Being the representative of TBRL, he acted as the representative of Smiling Buddha which was the first nuclear test to be conducted. In 1980s, his extensive research work and development brought many accolades and laurel to his name. From July 1992 onwards he served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the then Prime Minister. His role in the field of technological and political field is remarkable during the nuclear tests of Pokhran-II.

Don’t take rest after your first victory because if you fail in second, more lips are waiting to say that your first victory was just luck.

Career as the President of India

kalam president

A.P.J Abdul Kalam won the election of President in 2002 by surpassing mammoth votes. His term as President was from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. He was backed by the parties of National Congress and Samajwadi Party. It was an easy victory for him and he became the 11th President of India. He received the highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna and the third person to do so. Occupying the seat of Rashtrapati Bhavan he was indeed the first bachelor and the first scientist as well. However, in 2012 he declined for the role of President for the second term.

abdul

A.P.J Abdul Kalam with  Narendra Modi

Fondness for Education and Students

kalam with students

After retiring from the post of scientific adviser in 1999, his main mission was to interact with as many as 100,000 students. He felt the joy in meeting with the youth of the country particularly the high school students. He found a way to ignite their mind for the development of India.

Excellence is a Continuous Process and not an Accident." - Abdul Kalam

Death

kalam funeral

He was delivering a lecture on 27th July 2015 at IIM Shillong where at 6:30 pm he suffered a heart attack massively and critical his condition was, he was shifted to Bethany Hospital where thereafter, he died of cardiac arrest.

Awards

2014
Doctor of Science
Doctor of Science Edinburgh University
2013
Von Braun
Von Braun from the National Space Society
2012
Doctor of Laws
Doctor of Laws Simon Fraser University
2011
IEEE Honorary Membership IEEE
2009
Hoover Medal
Hoover Medal ASME Foundation, USA
2008
Doctor of Engineering
Doctor of Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
2007
Doctorate of Science from University of Wolverhampton, UK
2007
King Charles II
King Charles II Medal from Royal Society, UK
2000
Ramanujan Award from Alwars Research Centre, Chennai
1998
Veer Savarkar Award from Government of India
1997
Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration from Indian National Congress
1997
Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna from Government of India
1990
Padma Vibhushan from Government of India
1981
Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan from Government of India

Abdul Kalam's Excellent Speech at European Parliament

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