Fidel Castro was a well-known Cuban politician and revolutionary. He was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba for 17 years, then became the President and governed the state till 2006. He was the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba. He served as the secretary till 2011. Under his governance, Cuba became a one-party socialist state. All the industries and business were nationalized under his administration. Many socialist reforms were implemented in Cuba under his regime.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born on August 13, 1926, in Birán, Oriente. He was the son of a wealthy sugarcane planter who hailed from Galicia, Spain. He was the third of six children of Ángel Castro y Argiz. Fidel’s mother used to serve as maid to Maria Luisa Argota, Ángel's first wife. Ángel Castro married Fidel’s mother Lina Ruz González when he was 15. When Fidel was 17, he was officially recognized by his father and his name was changed from Ruz to Castro.