Ever thought about various beliefs, taboos, and superstitions? Do they make sense to you? Can they be explained? Most of them fall under the purview of magical thinking. According to Wikipedia:
“Magical thinking is the attribution of causal or synchronistic relationships between actions and events which seemingly cannot be justified by reason and observation. “
Magical thinking is often the reason behind certain rituals like sacrifices, prayers, observing taboos, anything that is against the conventional wisdom as per the prevailing circumstances. For example, the belief that sacrificing an animal will bring good luck cannot be scientifically explained. Coincidence or grouped phenomena is also explained by this causal fallacy in terms of unlinked relationships.